Family Medicine is a division of primary care that provides continuing and comprehensive health care for the individual and family across all ages, genders, diseases, and the body. General Practitioners deliver a range of acute, chronic and preventive medical care services. In addition to diagnosing and treating illness, they also provide preventive care, including:
- routine check-ups
- health-risk assessments
- screening tests
- personalized counselling on maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
Family Medicine is based on knowledge of the patient in the context of the family and the community which focus on disease prevention and health promotion.
Dentistry is a branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity.
Dental facts that can help put you on the right path to good dental health and avoid having dental problems in the future:
- Dental cleanings and check-ups are extremely important. Going to the dentist for regular check-ups and cleanings is an important factor in maintaining good oral health as it can prevent cavities, root canals, gum disease, oral cancer and other dental conditions.
- Dental problems do not get better or go away without treatment. If your dentist gives you a treatment plan for dental work that you need to have done, you should get your teeth fixed as soon as possible. Cavities do get bigger and could reach the nerve in your tooth. When this happens your only option would be to have a root canal or have the tooth extracted.
- Brushing and flossing twice a day helps to keep the cavities away. When you brush and floss your teeth at least twice a day, you are removing the plaque from and in-between the teeth that causes cavities and it also helps to prevent gum disease.
Don’t wait until you have a problem before you see the dentist.
Physiotherapy is a specialty that remediates impairments and promotes mobility, function and quality of life through examination, diagnosis, prognosis and physical intervention.
Physiotherapists assess, treat and prevent human movement disorders, restoring normal function or minimize dysfunction and pain in adults and children with physical impairment, to enable them to achieve the highest possible level of independence in their lives.
Physiotherapy can help you with the following challenges:
- Headaches / Whiplash
- Back / Neck Problems
- Posture Correction
- Sports injuries
Radiology – X-Rays
Radiology is a medical specialty that uses imaging to diagnose and treat diseases seen within the body.
The acquisition of medical imaging is usually carried out by the radiographer and the diagnostic radiologist then interprets or “reads” the images and produces a report of their findings and impression or diagnosis. This report is then transmitted to the physician who ordered the imaging, either routinely or in an emergency.
Pathology is the medical discipline that describes conditions typically observed during a disease state.
Pathologists describes the abnormal or undesired condition, where upon pathophysiology seeks to explain the physiological processes or mechanisms whereby such condition develops and progresses.
Podiatry is a specialist field that focuses on improving the overall health and well-being of patients in the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the foot and lower-limb. Podiatrists provide pain relief from foot deformities, injuries and wounds through palliative means, minor surgery or through the prescription of foot orthoses to re-align foot or leg imbalances.
In South Africa, podiatrists are trained to diagnose and treat a variety of foot problems.
These include problems such as:
- fungal infections
- plantar warts
- excessive sweating
- ingrown toenails
Podiatrists are also trained to deal with patience that require special footcare, these include diabetics and geriatrics who require regular footcare.
Human Nutrition – Dietician
Human nutrition refers to the provision of essential nutrients necessary to support human life and health.
Poor nutrition is a chronic problem often linked to a lack of understanding and bad practices. Lack of proper nutrition contributes to lower academic performance, lower test scores, and eventually less successful students and a less productive and competitive economy.
A dietician is the best qualified person to consult regarding your diet.
Healthy eating reduces your risk of heart disease, obesity, some cancers and diabetes. It will also improve the functioning and health of the digestive tract. If you do suffer from any of the above, a healthy diet is just as important to improve your condition and keeping it under control. A healthy diet will also help to prevent weight gain and keep you healthy.
Homeopathy, or homeopathic medicine, is a medical philosophy and practice based on the idea that the body has the ability to heal itself. Homeopathic medicine views symptoms of illness as normal responses of the body as it attempts to regain health.
Homeopathy is based on the idea that “like cures like.” That is, if a substance causes a symptom in a healthy person, giving the person a very small amount of the same substance may cure the illness. In theory, a homeopathic dose enhances the body’s normal healing and self-regulatory processes.
A homeopathic health practitioner (homeopath) uses pills or liquid mixtures (solutions) containing only a little of an active ingredient (usually a plant or mineral) for treatment of disease. These are known as highly diluted or “potentiated” substances.
Psychology is the study of behaviour and mind, embracing all aspects of human experience. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behaviour, while also exploring the physiological and biological processes that underlie cognitive functions and behaviours.
They explore concepts such as perception, cognition, attention, emotion, intelligence, phenomenology, motivation, brain functioning, personality, behaviour, and interpersonal relationships, including psychological resilience, family resilience, and other areas.
Optometry is a healthcare profession concerned with the eyes and related structures, as well as vision, visual systems, and vision information processing in humans. Optometrists are trained to prescribe and fit lenses to improve vision, and in some practices are trained to diagnose and treat various eye diseases.
Providing services to schools
Family planning refers to the factors that may be considered by a couple in a committed relationship and each individual involved in deciding if and when to have children.
Family planning may involve consideration of the number of children a couple wish to have as well as the age at which they wish to have them. These matters are obviously influenced by external factors such as marital situation, career considerations, financial position, any disabilities that may affect their ability to have children and raise them, besides many other considerations.
If sexually active, family planning may involve the use of contraception and other techniques to control the timing of reproduction. Other techniques commonly used include sexuality education, prevention and management of sexually transmitted infections.
Body Mass Index Measuring
The body mass index (BMI) is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual.
The BMI is an attempt to quantify the amount of tissue mass (muscle, fat, and bone) in an individual and then categorize that person as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese based on that value.
Immunisation is the process by which an individual’s immune system becomes fortified against an agent. When it is exposed to molecules that are foreign to the body it will orchestrate an immune response and it will also develop the ability to quickly respond to a subsequent encounter.
Immunization is done through various techniques, most commonly vaccination. Vaccines against microorganisms that cause diseases can prepare the body’s immune system, thus helping to fight or prevent an infection.
Contact your local HEALth-WorX Medical Centres for further detail.